Stjålet historie: Hvordan palestinerne og deres forbundsfeller angriper Israels rett til å eksistere ved å utradere Israels fortid

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Stjålet historie: Hvordan palestinerne og deres forbundsfeller angriper Israels rett til å eksistere ved å utradere Israels fortid
Av David Meir Levi
1  Yale University, Sheikh Professor Abdul Hadi Palazzi, the Secretary General of the Italian Muslim Association, spoke on the topic of “Islam and Democracy — Political Theory in the Qur’an and Islamic Tradition,” March 4, 2003.
2 Besser, James, “Obama administration hits Palestinian Authority for Temple Mount ‘Study’, The Jewish Week, Nov. 30, 2010,  and cf. also Ami-El, Mark, “The Destruction of the Temple Mount Antiquities,” Jerusalem Viewpoints, 1 August, 2003, Jerusalem Center for Public Affairs,
3 Routledge, London, 1996, Keith W. Whitelam, chair, Biblical Studies Department, Sheffield University (UK).
4 For demographic studies substantiating this assertion, cf. Justin McCarthy, Population of Palestine; and Joan Peters, From Time Immemorial.
5 McCarthy, op. cit supra, note #5.
6 Syrkin, Marie, “Palestinian Nationalism: Its Development and Goal,” in Curtis, Michael, Neyer, Joseph, Waxman, Chaim, and Pollack, Allen, The Palestinians: People, History, Politics (New Brunswick, N.J.: Transaction Books, 1975), p. 200 ff.
7 Ibid, supra note 7, p. 201.
8 Dorsey, James, Wij zijn alleen Palestijn om politieke reden, Trouw, 31 March 1977; not available on line but referenced frequently on line at, inter alia: ;   and
9 Such as, but not limited to, the Encyclopaedia Britannica , the Jewish Encyclopedia, the Catholic Encyclopedia, the Oxford Encyclopedia of Archaeology in the Near East, and other major encyclopedias from the early 20th century on. There are other non-Israelite peoples mentioned very briefly in the Jewish Scriptures, but these nine are the ones best documented and most thoroughly researched by scholars since the mid-19th century.
10  (and cf. also ). JSTOR is a not–for–profit on-line service that helps scholars, researchers, and students discover, use, and build upon a wide range of scholarly content in a trusted digital archive of over one thousand academic journals and other scholarly sources. It enables access to and preservation of scholarly books and articles in collaboration with the academic community. Each non-Israelite nation mentioned above has been the beneficiary of hundreds, and in some cases thousands, or scholarly articles, monographs, and in some cases entire books. These scholarly works can be accessed via the urls below, but may require registration with JSTOR for a fee.;; ; ;;  ; ;
11 These too can be sources of hundreds of articles on the history, language and culture of these non-Israelite peoples. Go to  and  for more details.
12 Among the more highly regarded of full-sized texts on these peoples, see:
For Canaanites: Redford, Donald B. (1993), Egypt, Canaan, and Israel in Ancient Times, (Princeton University Press); and Tubb, Jonathan N., Canaanites, (Oklahoma) 1998.
For Philistines: Dothan, Trude Krakauer (1982), The Philistines and Their Material Culture. New Haven, Connecticut: Yale University Press; Idem & Dothan, Moshe (1992), People of the Sea: The Search for the Philistines, New York: Macmillan Publishing Company; Idem & Gitin, Seymour, Mazar, Amihai, Stern, Ephraim (1998), Mediterranean Peoples in Transition: Thirteenth to Early Tenth Centuries BC. Jerusalem, Israel: Israel Exploration Society; Ehrlich, Carl S. (1996), The Philistines in Transition: A History from ca. 1000-730 BC. Leiden, The Netherlands: E. J. Brill; Finkelstein, Israel (December 2002), “The Philistines in the Bible: A Late-Monarchic Perspective”. Journal for the Study of the Old Testament 27 (2): 131–167; Killebrew, Ann E. (2005), Biblical Peoples and Ethnicity: An Archaeological Study of Egyptians, Canaanites, Philistines, and Early Israel, 1300-1100 B.C.E.. Atlanta, Georgia: Society of Biblical Literature; and Oren, Eliezer D. (2000), The Sea Peoples and Their World: A Reassessment (University Museum Monograph 108). Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: The University Museum, University of Pennsylvania and Yasur-Landau, Assaf (2010), The Philistines and Aegean Migration at the End of the Late Bronze Age. Cambridge, United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press.
For Moabites: Routledge, Bruce. ‘Moab in the Iron Age: Hegemony, Polity, Archaeology,’ 2004; Bienkowski, Piotr (ed.) Early Edom and Moab: The Beginning of the Iron Age in Southern Jordan (1992); and Dearman, Andrew (ed.) Studies in the Mesha inscription and Moab (1989).
For Edomites: Piotr Bienkowski, “New Evidence on Edom in the Neo-Babylonian and Persian Periods”, in John Andrew Dearman, Matt Patrick Graham, (eds.), The land that I will show you: essays on the history and archaeology of the Ancient Near East in honour of J. Maxwell Miller, (Sheffield Academic Press, 2001), pp. 198ff.
For Amorites: Giorgio Bucellati, “Ebla and the Amorites”, Eblaitica 3 (1992):83-104; and Alfred Haldar, Who Were the Amorites (Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1971).
For Ammonites: Cohen, D., (ed.) (1988). “Les Langues Chamitosemitiques”. Les langues dans le monde ancien et modern, part 3. Paris: CNRS. Aufrecht, WE (1989), A Corpus of Ammonite Inscriptions; Lehmann, Ulrich and Lettau, Janine, The Ammonites: Their life and their world (1981); and MacDonald, Burton & Younker, Randall W., (1999), Ancient Ammon. BRILL, Netherlands.
For Midianites: Clines, David and Sawyer, John, eds. “Midian, Moab and Edom: The History and Archaeology of Late Bronze and Iron Age Jordan and North-West Arabia”. Journal for the Study of the Old Testament, Supplement Series, No. 24. Sheffield Academic Press, 1983.
For Arameans: Beyer, Klaus (1986). “The Aramaic language: its distribution and subdivisions,” (Göttingen: Vandenhoeck und Ruprecht); Lipiński, Edward (2000). The Aramaeans: their ancient history, culture, religion, Peeters Publishers, Netherlands; Moscati, S., ‘The Aramaean Ahlamû’, FSS, IV (1959); and the Tel Halaf excavation series: M. Freiherr Von Oppenheim, Der Tell Halaf, Leipzig, 1931 pp. 71–198; M. Freiherr Von Oppenheim, Tell Halaf, III, Die Bauwerke, Berlin, 1950; A. Moortgat, Tell Halaf IV, Die Bildwerke, Berlin, 1955; B. Hrouda, Tell Halaf IV, Die Kleinfunde aus historischer Zeit, Berlin, 1962.
For Amalekites: Tanner, Hans Andreas, “Amalek: Der Fiend Israels und der Fiend Jahwes,” in Dietrich, Walter, Biblische Enzyklopaedie, “The Early Monarchy in Israel: The Tenth Century,” Zurich, 2007.
13 Unless otherwise noted, the references below can be found in Pritchard, James B., & Fleming, Daniel E., The Ancient Near East: an Anthology of Texts and Pictures, 2010.
14 Yellin, Avi, Arutz Sheva News, “King David Era Pottery Shard Supports Biblical Narrative,” 1/8/2010,
15 Aharoni, Yohanan, The Arad Inscriptions, 1981, University of Virginia: Israel Exploration Society.
16 cf. Rocker, Simon, “What the Koran says about the Land of Israel,” The Jewish Chronicle on Line, March 19, 2009, for a full discussion of this issue with reference to medieval Muslim commentators.
18 Author’s addendum: For a fully detailed and annotated critique of Abu el-Haj’s attempt to discredit Israeli archaeology, see this writer’s lengthy article, “Facts on the Ground – Nadia Abu el-Haj’s New Salvo in the Arab Propaganda War against Israel,”  Middle East studies in the News; and see also ibid in Solomonia Blog, August 15, 2007,  Abu el-Haj’s seemingly endless errors of fact and apparently intentional fictionalization of Israeli archaeology’s acquisition and interpretation of evidence are far too numerous to recount here.
19 Cf.  for extant copies, and  for the on-line original text.
20 Al-Hayat Al-Jadida, August 12, 2000, Translation: MEMRI; and for a reference to his 2002 flippant suggestion that perhaps the Temple was in Yemen.
21 Ross, Dennis, The Missing Peace: the Inside Story of the Fight for Middle East Peace, Farrar, Straus, and Giroux, August, 2004; and Gold, Dore, The Fight for Jerusalem: Radical Islam, the West, and the Future of the Holy City. Regnery Publishing, 2002
22 Kay, Jonathan, National Post (Canada), July 19, 2011, “Once again, the Jewish Question,”
23 Davila, James R., “Temple Mount Watch: The BBC is taking Jewish-Temple denial in Palestinian circles rather more seriously than it deserves,”, June 2, 2009.
24 Kul Al-Arab (Israel), August 25, 2000; Translation: MEMRI: quoted in CAMERA,
25 Sauwt Falastin (Voice of Palestine) Radio Station, July 26, 2000, Al-Ayyam, July 27, 2000.
26 Die Welt, January 17, 2001, quoted in CAMERA, Hollander, Ricki, “Celebrating Jerusalem amid Denial of Jewish Rights,” May 12, 2010, ; and for his earlier pronouncements of the same opinions, cf. also Al Ayyam, Nov. 22, 1997; and Kul Al-Arab, August 18, 2000.
27 Ibid, note #29, Die Welt.
28 “The WAC Accusation of Israeli Destruction of Archaeological Sites,” Jan 7 2004; and cf. also  “Uproar over Palestinian Archaeology Congress” for more on the debate over these issues.
29 cf. CAMERA ibid, supra note #29, and cf. also CAMERA  for a very comprehensive list of Palestinian leaders’ public denials of Israel’s connection to the land of Israel and to the Temple Mount over the past decade.
30 Cf. Shanks, Hershel, 18 July 2008). “Opinion:Biblical Destruction”. Wall Street Journal  Chabin, Michele, (11 July 2006). “Archaeologists Campaign to Stop Desecration of Temple Mount,” Jewish United Fund,  and Ami-El, Mark (1 August 2002), “The Destruction of the Temple Mount Antiquities,” Jerusalem Center for Public Affairs,
31  and cf. also Romey, Kristin M. (March–April 2000), “Jerusalem’s Temple Mount Flap”. Archaeology: A publication of the Archaeological Institute of America 53 (2),  and Paul Reynolds (9 February 2007), “In Jerusalem archaeology is politics,” BBC News,
32 Lappin, Yaakov, (7 February 2007). “Archaeologists: Waqf damaging Temple Mount remains,” Ynet.,7340,L-3362223,00.html  and cf. also  and The Israel Report, “Temple Mount: Layers of dirt, history, and conflict,” by Arnold, Michael S., Jerusalem Post, Nov./Dec. 1999.
35 Yahya, Adel H., Director, Palestinian Association for Cultural Exchange (PACE), “Palestinians are the illegal excavators,”
36 Cf. Shragai, Nadav, “In the beginning was Al-Aqsa,” Haaretz, November 27, 2005 for a summary of these allegations, and  for Marouf’s website.
37 Mazuz, Hagai and Rhode, Harold, “Is Jerusalem Sacred for Muslims?” Hudson New York, October 20, 2010,
38 “Erasing Ezekiel’s Jewish identity,”  January 15, 2010.
39 UNESCO, 184 EX/37, Paris, March 19, 2010,
40 .
41  “Come again?: Ancient Hebrew fragments of Jewish Bible are part of Muslim country’s ‘cultural heritage,’” January 4, 2010,
42 “Are the Dead Sea Scrolls Palestinian treasures?”  September 6, 2008.
43 Ibid, supra note #49.
44 Gil Atzmon, Li Hao, Itsik Pe’er, Christopher Velez, Alexander Pearlman, Pier Francesco Palamara, Bernice Morrow, Eitan Friedman, Carole Oddoux, Edward Burns, and Harry Ostrer, “Abraham’s Children in the Genome Era: Major Jewish Diaspora Populations Comprise Distinct Genetic Clusters with Shared Middle Eastern Ancestry,” American Journal of Human Genetics, vol. 86 (2010), pp. 850-859; and cf. also Begley, Sharon (June 3, 2010). “The DNA Of Abraham’s Children”. Newsweek.
45 Balter, Michael (June 3, 2010), “Tracing the Roots of Jewishness,” Science,
46 Nature: the International Journal of Science, Volume: 466, Pages: 238–242, 08 July 2010,  and  and cf. also Technion Focus, October 2010, “Jewish Genes,”  and
47 Ibid, Nature, July 2010.
48 Supra, notes #6-9.
49 Cf. the author’s History upside Down: the Roots of Palestinian Fascism and the Myth of Israeli Aggression, Encounter Books, 2007; and Küntzel, Matthias, Jihad and Jew-Hatred, 2007, for a global analysis of this phenomenon.
50 Cf. supra, note #56, History upside Down.
52  Tzioni, Eldad, “Cynical PLO Denies the Undeniable – Jews Exist!” Feb 12, 2011; and cf. also  and for one example out of many cf.

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